World Organ Donation Day 13 August 2023

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World Organ Donation Day 13 August 2023

World Organ Donation Day 13 August 2023

This day serves as a reminder of the importance of organ donation and transplantation in saving lives and improving the quality of life for individuals suffering from organ failure. The day aims to raise awareness about the critical shortage of organs for transplantation and encourages people to consider becoming organ donors.

Organ donation is a selfless act that involves donating organs such as kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas, and others, to individuals in need of a transplant. Transplants can be life-saving for people suffering from various organ failures due to diseases, accidents, or other medical conditions.

On World Organ Donation Day, various organizations, healthcare institutions, and advocacy groups around the world promote events, campaigns, and educational initiatives to highlight the importance of organ donation. These efforts help dispel myths and misconceptions about organ donation, promote informed decision-making, and encourage more people to register as organ donors.

If you’re interested in becoming an organ donor, it’s important to check the specific organ donation guidelines and procedures in your country, as they may vary. Many countries have official organ donor registries or programs that individuals can join to express their willingness to donate organs after their death.

World Organ Donation Day Slogan

“Step up to volunteer; need more organ donors to fill the lacunae” is the theme for this year’s World Organ Donation Day in 2023. An international appeal to the local population to stress the significance of making an organ donation pledge will help to reduce the amount of money raised for the need for an organ.

One dead donor may save up to eight people, therefore they are essential to reducing the world’s rising demand for organs as well as in developing nations like India.

Globally, 1,44,302 organ transplantations took place in 2021, of which 38,156 (26.44%) were the result of dead organ donation. A total of 12,259 transplants were carried out in India, accounting for 8% of all transplants worldwide. The most common organs were kidneys (74.27%), followed by liver (23.22%), heart (1.23%), lung (1.08%), pancreas (0.15), and small intestine (0.03%). In India, there have been 552 transplants from deceased donors total, or 4.5% of all transplants.

According to a study, India recorded 1137 more dead organ transplants for the kidney (759), liver (279) and heart (99), respectively, compared to 2021. However, according to the Indian Ministry of Health, around 175,000 kidneys, 50,000 livers, hearts, and lungs, as well as 2,500 pancreases, are needed to meet the demand.

More than 1.5 lakh accident-related fatalities were reported in the Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’s 2021 report, but only 552 died brain deaths received organ transplants, according to the report on worldwide organ donation in 2021. Therefore, increasing public awareness of the significance of volunteering for organ donation will assist many individuals who are in need of an organ for their life and therefore decrease the number of patients on the waiting list.

History of Organ Donation Day

Ronald Lee Herrick was the first person to donate an organ. He donated his kidney to his twin brother in 1954, and Dr. Joseph Murray performed the successful organ transplant procedure. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine later that year for his contributions to the advancement of organ transplantation.

Regarding the activities for organ donation, many regions of the globe address the relevance and lack of knowledge of organ donation based on their circumstances and capabilities. National Organ Day was observed in India on November 27th, which was inaugurated in 2010 under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare by the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO) and will continue until 2022.

The date of the national organ donation day in India will change to August 3 in 2023 to honour the first successful dead donor heart transplant performed there on that date in 1994.

Importance of Organ Donation Day

A vital part of preserving lives is organ donation. People who are experiencing organ failure are given fresh life via organ donation. The misconceptions surrounding organ donation have been largely dispelled thanks to medical advancements throughout the years.

It is a day set aside to emphasise the value of organ donation. This day is meant to raise awareness of how changing one person’s life by donating an organ may affect many others. Any age can donate an organ, however those under 18 must have their parents’ or guardians’ permission in order to register.

Types of Organ Donation

Living and cadaveric donation are the two types of organ donation. In a living donation, the donor is still alive; in a cadaver donation, the donor has already passed away.

Living donors are those who can give organs like kidneys and liver fragments. The only organ in the body known to regenerate is the liver, which makes it feasible to transplant these organs while the donor is still living. Humans can survive with just one kidney.

The most vital factor is a healthy donor. Regardless of age, caste, or religion, anybody can donate an organ. However, it is crucial to make sure that potential organ donors are free of chronic diseases including HIV, cancer, heart disease, and lung disease.

List of Organs that can be donated

Living donors may donate their organs:

  • One kidney
  • One lung
  • A part of the liver
  • A part of the pancreas
  • A part of the intestine

Organs that may be donated after death of donor:

  • Kidneys (2)
  • Liver
  • Lungs (2)
  • Heart
  • Pancreas
  • Intestines
  • Hands and Face

Some facts about Organ Donation

  1. While other essential organs including the heart, liver, intestines, kidneys, lungs, and pancreas can only be donated in cases of brain death, the cornea, heart valves, bone, and In the event of a natural death, skin tissues may be given.
  2. Although there is no set age for organ donation, the donor’s health is rigorously checked and tracked.
    If a person under the age of 18 desires to donate an organ, their parents or legal guardians must sign a consent form on their behalf.
    The youngest organ donor ever was a child who gave a kidney to an adult suffering from renal insufficiency in 2015. Only 100 minutes had passed since the baby’s birth.
  3. The oldest donor is a Scotsman who gave a cornea in 2016 when a 107-year-old woman passed away. The oldest organ donor ever was a 95-year-old West Virginian man who passed away and donated his liver for a liver transplant.
    To control organ donation in India, there is a law called the Human Organ and Tissue Transplantation Act. Organ donation is legal for both living and deceased individuals.
    Approximately 0.01% of persons in India give their organs after passing away, according to the World Health Organisation.
    In India, there are just 3% registered organ donors.
  4. According to AIIMS data from 2019, 1.5 to 2 lakh individuals need kidney transplants each year, but just 4% of those who qualify may actually receive one. Similar to the above, just 1,800 individuals who need liver transplants each year actually get them.

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