TOP 10 World’s Smallest Countries By Population

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TOP 10 World’s Smallest Countries By Population

TOP 10 World's Smallest Countries By Population

Do you ever wish you could escape it all? Maybe go somewhere untouched to kick back and relax? This article will expose you to the world’s smallest countries by population. Some are tropical paradises and little communities from your dreams. However, as you will see, some of the world’s smallest countries are also the most congested, urbanized, and exploited. We may, however, argue that all of these countries are worth seeing. Grab your passport and prepare to be amazed by the world’s tiniest country in terms of population!

1. Vatican City, 510 Population

Vatican City is the world’s smallest country, both in terms of land area (109 acres) and population (510). Of course, thousands of people come and work there on a daily basis. However, the Vatican has only a few hundred permanent residents. The entire country is enclosed by a wall and is located within Rome, Italy. Despite its small size, Vatican City wields global power as the seat of the Roman Catholic Church. This well-known country also serves as the Pope’s residence. World leaders and Catholic faithful from all over the world converge here. Some try to persuade the church to use its power for political or spiritual purposes.

However, the Vatican is not just visited by Catholics. The iconic architecture of the Vatican is appreciated by visitors of both religious and non-religious backgrounds. It is particularly well-known for its sculptures and murals, including those seen in St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel. The Vatican museums and archives house works of art, artefacts, and historical documents of international importance. The Vatican is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which comes as no surprise. The Vatican conducts most of its daily business in Italian, but Latin is occasionally employed for formal and ceremonial events. However, while you walk around, you will most certainly hear individuals speaking every language under the sun, including your own.

2. Tuvalu, 11,312 Population

Tuvalu is a Pacific Ocean island nation of nine coral islands with a population of approximately 11,312. The country is around halfway between Hawaii and Australia. Tuvalu is one of the most isolated countries on the planet due to its location towards the centre of the enormous ocean. The country’s total land size is barely about 10 square miles. And the most of it is only a few feet above sea level. Tuvalu is obviously concerned about global warming and increasing sea levels.

Another issue is that the country lacks sufficient soil to grow its own crops. Of course, seafood is plentiful. However, for a more diverse diet, the country must import food from elsewhere, which is prohibitively expensive. The majority of the country’s income now comes from leasing out fishing rights to overseas firms.

Tuvalu, like most Pacific countries, was colonised by Europeans. The Spanish were the first to arrive in 1568. By the nineteenth century, however, the British Empire had surpassed all of its competitors and established Tuvalu as a colony. They dominated it until 1978, when it gained independence, although even after that, Tuvalu recognises the British monarch as the figurehead of State, with no real power. As a result of colonialism, English became the second language in Tuvalu, although the country has managed to preserve its own language, family and community values, traditional dances, music, and talents like as weaving and carving. Being small and off the beaten road has its benefits.

3. Nauru, 12,688 Population

Nauru, like Tuvalu, is a Pacific Island country. The entire population of 12,688 individuals lives on a single island. Surprisingly, Nauru is the world’s least visited country. Aside from its own population, only roughly 15,000 people on the earth have ever visited it. One of these people was Queen Elizabeth II, who included this island on one of her official Pacific trips.

Nauru’s isolation did not keep colonial powers at bay. It changed hands an unusually high number of times. Germany claimed Nauru, but their dominion was short-lived. Germany was defeated in World War I, and the victorious allies took away all of its colonies. Nauru was handed over to Japanese control. Following Japan’s defeat, Nauru was handed up to the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand. That’s a lot of countries to keep an eye on one small island!

There is a reason why so many countries were interested in Nauru. This island was built on top of a vast phosphate deposit, an important element utilised in a variety of industries. This rich deposit was close to the surface on Nauru, making it easy to mine. The phosphate lasted approximately 100 years before failing in the 1990s. As a result, the island’s economy collapsed, and the majority of the populace lost their jobs.

Today’s Nauru

Despite gaining independence in 1968, Nauru is still heavily reliant on Australian support. Australia, for its part, has reaped the benefits of the alliance in a contentious way, by employing Nauru as an offshore immigrant detention facility. Over the years, there has been considerable discussion about transferring the entire island’s people to a better island somewhere in the Pacific. However, this has not yet occurred.

4. Cook Islands, 15,040 Population

The Cook Islands are a South Pacific Ocean island republic with 15 islands and a total land area of 93 square miles. Despite their limited land extent, they have an Exclusive Economic Zone of 756,771 square miles of ocean! The Cook Islands and New Zealand have a free association agreement, and many of their population have dual citizenship. The greater Cook Islander population is also far larger than it looks, with over 80,000 people in New Zealand and 28,000 in Australia claiming Cook Islander ancestry. The islands were named after British naval captain James Cook, who discovered them in the late 1800s. The Cook Islands are a popular tourist destination, with over 170,000 visitors each year. Offshore banking, pearl harvesting, and fruit and seafood exports are other important components of their economy.

5. Palau, 18,055 Population

Palau, another Pacific Ocean republic, with 18,055 people distributed among 340 islands totaling around 180 square miles. Its marine borders are shared with Indonesia and the Philippines. Many people there speak English, but the main language is Palauan, which is linked to languages spoken in the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Palau’s economy is based on agriculture, tourism, and fishing. Because of island norms relating to environmental care, these islands feature a lot of unique marine species that has been well-conserved for decades.

These islands changed ownership several times during the colonial era. First and foremost, Spain colonised them; but, after losing a war and many of its colonies to the United States, Spain sold the remaining islands to Germany in order to recuperate some of its war expenses. After Germany was defeated in World War I, the newly formed League of Nations chose which countries would oversee its foreign territories until they could become independent. Japan was given command of Palau.

Japan was conquered in World War II a few decades later. The League of Nations was replaced by the United Nations, and Palau and other Pacific Islands were handed over to the US in the form of a large Trust Territory. Palau and several other countries have since gained independence from that territorial status, but remain quite close to the United States. For example, the United States conducts overseas defence and provides some social services to its citizens, and it uses the American dollar as its currency.

6. San Marino, 33,660 Population

San Marino, like Vatican City, is a small sovereign country fully within the borders of Italy. It is home to around 33,660 people. When Italy was unifying in the 1800s, many opponents fled to San Marino, which was located on a hill and was more easily defendable from attack. Instead of attempting to compel them into the country, Italy resolved the issue by establishing a treaty with them in 1862 that allowed them to remain independent. With one exception, retreating Axis troops elected to walk through San Marino and were chased by Allied troops, who lingered for a few weeks and then left, San Marino was able to remain independent and neutral during World War II.

Today, one of San Marino’s most appealing aspects for tourists is its architecture. The capital’s mediaeval historic downtown district is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Feast of San Marino and the Palio dei Castelli are two classic San Marino events that have been passed down for hundreds of years. Traditional crafts such as ceramics, needlework, and woodcarving have also been preserved in San Marino. Today, the country is well-developed, with a good standard of living.

7. Monaco, 36,469 Population

Monaco is a recognised worldwide city-state located on the French Riviera. With a population of only 36,469 people, it is one of the world’s tiniest countries. It is, nonetheless, the world’s most densely populated country. Residents live on only 499 acres of land! Furthermore, this micro-country receives nearly 160,000 foreign visitors per year! As a result, it’s not the best place to get away from it all.

Monaco has a renowned reputation as a playground for the world’s ultra-rich. Its docks are dotted with luxurious private yachts, and its streets are jam-packed with high-end sports automobiles. Five-star hotels and restaurants are frequently booked months in advance. If you want to gamble in high-stakes casinos, go to Monaco. Visitors mingle with celebrities, politicians, business magnates, and nobility. There, French, Italian, and English are all extensively spoken. However, for those with money, language is never an issue.

Monaco has a complicated past. Grace Kelly, the stunning American actress, married the little country’s Crown Prince. The current monarch is their son, Prince Albert. Princess Grace tragically perished in a car accident while travelling on the principality’s steep mountain roads in 1982. Regardless of the circumstances surrounding this tragedy, Monaco is better recognised for its annual Formula One Grand Prix motor race hosted in the twisting streets of Monte Carlo. The Oceanographic Museum and the Monaco National Museum are two other prominent cultural attractions in Monaco.

8. Liechtenstein, 39,327 Population

Liechtenstein, with a population of 39,327 people, is a tiny landlocked republic on the border between Switzerland and Austria. Its official language is German, but English and French are also frequently spoken. Liechtenstein is known for its beautiful alpine landscapes due to its location in the Alps. A network of pathways connects the traditional communities. The Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein in Vaduz features a world-class collection of modern and contemporary art. The Post Museum showcases postal stamps from Liechtenstein. Collectors frequently prize these because they are pieces of art in their own right. Liechtenstein’s inhabitants have established a strong economy. It is built on banking, manufacturing, and tourism, and it has a good level of living.

9. Marshall Islands, 41,569 Population

The Marshall Islands is a Pacific Ocean country with a population of 41,569 that consists of five islands and 29 coral atolls. The Marshall Islands has the highest percentage of its territory that is made up of water, at 97.87%. The islands were originally visited by Europeans in the 1520s, when the Spanish and Portuguese came. Spain seized sovereignty of the islands, but eventually sold some to Germany. Following World War I, Japan administered them, followed by the United States following World War II. Bikini Atoll, one of the islands, became the infamous Castle Bravo nuclear test site, which is still radioactive today.

Although the Marshall Islands are priceless in terms of natural beauty and marine environment, the Marshall Islands have few exportable natural resources, hence the economy is reliant on international aid. Coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits, pigs, and chickens are some of the indigenous agricultural crops. They also make money through copra and handmade products, tuna processing, and tourism.

10. Saint Kitts and Nevis, 47,657 Population

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a country of 47,657 inhabitants who live on two islands (the names of which we will leave to your imagination) with a total land area of 101 square miles. It is the Western Hemisphere’s smallest country in terms of both population and land area, and it is the Hemisphere’s most recent independent country (1983). Because these were among the first islands to be colonized by Europeans, they were dubbed “The Mother Colony of the West Indies.”

Saint Kitts and Nevis were historically British colonies, and despite their independence, they have opted to keep the British queen as their head of state. Saint Kitts and Nevis’ culture, like that of most Caribbean countries, is influenced by Africa, Europe, Latin America, and the Pan-Caribbean. Music, dance, storytelling, and gastronomy are all part of each island’s distinct cultural blend. St. Kitts and Nevis has various historic sites, notably the UNESCO World Heritage Site Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park.

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