The Tungabhadra River History (Holy River in South Indian Peninsula)

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The Tungabhadra River HistoryThe Tungabhadra River History: The Tungabhadra River is a major river in the southern part of India. Formed by the confluence of two rivers, the Tunga River and the Bhadra River, in the state of Karnataka. From its origin, it flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh before joining the Krishna River.

The Tungabhadra River has a length of approximately 531 kilometers (330 miles). It passes through various districts and cities, including Shivamogga, Haveri, Ballari, Koppal, and Raichur. The river has significant historical and cultural importance as it flows near the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Hampi, which was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.

The Tungabhadra River serves as a major source of irrigation for agriculture in the region. Several dams and reservoirs have been constructed along its course, such as the Tungabhadra Dam, which is a joint project of the governments of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The dam provides water for irrigation and also generates hydroelectric power.

The river is known for its scenic beauty, with lush greenery and picturesque landscapes along its banks. It has also been a subject of several legends and religious beliefs. The Tungabhadra River is an important part of the ecosystem and supports a rich diversity of flora and fauna.

Overall, the Tungabhadra River plays a vital role in the livelihoods of the people living in its basin, provides water for agriculture and industry, and contributes to the cultural and historical heritage of the region.

The size of a river is typically measured in terms of its length, drainage basin area, and discharge. Here are some relevant statistics for the Tungabhadra River:

  1. Length: The Tungabhadra River has a length of approximately 531 kilometers (330 miles) from its origin at the confluence of the Tunga and Bhadra rivers in Karnataka, India, to its confluence with the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh.
  2. Drainage Basin Area: The Tungabhadra River has a drainage basin area of about 71,417 square kilometers (27,552 square miles). The drainage basin is the land area that contributes water to the river and its tributaries.
  3. Discharge: The average discharge of the Tungabhadra River varies depending on the season and rainfall patterns. During the monsoon season, which generally spans from June to September, the river’s flow increases significantly due to heavy rainfall. The average discharge during this period can range from a few thousand cubic meters per second to tens of thousands of cubic meters per second. In the dry season, the flow reduces considerably.

The Tungabhadra River flows through the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in southern India.

Recent Dams:

A dam was built over the River Tunga around 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) upstream from Shimoga at Gajanur. Another dam was built across the Bhadra River at Lakkavalli, about 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) upstream of Bhadravati.

They are multipurpose dams (multipurpose dams aid with energy production, irrigation of land, flood protection and control, and so on) that irrigate areas in Shimoga, Chikkamagalur, Davanagere, and Haveri.

The Tungabhadra Dam (TB Dam), commonly known as a multifunctional dam, is located across the Tungabhadra River. The dam is located near the Karnataka town of Hosapete. It has a capacity of 135 Tmcft. The capacity has been reduced by around 30 tmcft due to siltation. An estimated 235 tmcft is discharged if there are seasonal and late rainfall.

During the rainy season, water is released into the canals, filling them. Thirumalai Iyengar, a Madras-based engineer, was the dam’s primary designer. He had a general-purpose hall named after him. Over time, it has evolved into a picnic and tourist destination.

The TB Dam is close to the Hampi World Heritage Site. One of the biggest issues and worries with TB Dam is that it has seen significant siltation. The dam’s storage capacity is decreasing as a result of silt deposition.

Another major issue related with the TB Dam is increasing pollution, which has resulted in a decrease in fish population. This has a major impact on fisherman, who rely completely on the river for a living.

The Sunkesula Barrage, in Kurnool city, is a long barrage dam built over the Tungabhadra River by Sir Arthur Cotton, a British engineer known as Bhagiratha for Rayalaseema. It was designed to be used for navigation under the British Raj.

Kotla Vijayabhaskara Reddy rebuilt the barrage as Tungabhadra Barrage to supply irrigation for the Kadapa area. With the expansion of road and rail infrastructure, it is currently delivering water to the Kurnool and Kadapa regions via the K. C. Canal.

It holds around 15 billion cubic feet of water and irrigates approximately 300,000 acres (1,200 km2) of land in the Kurnool and Kadapa districts.

In Karnataka:

  1. The river originates at the confluence of the Tunga River and the Bhadra River near the village of Shimoga in the Shivamogga district.
  2. It then flows through various districts of Karnataka, including Shivamogga, Haveri, and Ballari.
  3. The Tungabhadra Dam, a major reservoir on the river, is located in the Ballari district.

In Andhra Pradesh:

  1. After entering Andhra Pradesh, the Tungabhadra River flows through the district of Kurnool.
  2. Near the town of Alampur, it meets the Krishna River, which marks the confluence of the two rivers.

Read More: Telangana | Hyderabad


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