Telangana

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Telangana

Telangana is a region in southern India that has a rich and diverse history. Here is a brief overview of the History of Telangana:

Ancient and Medieval Periods

The region of Telangana has been inhabited since ancient times. It was ruled by various dynasties, including the Satavahanas, Ikshvakus, and the Rashtrakutas. The Kakatiya dynasty, which ruled from the 12th to the 14th centuries, played a significant role in shaping the region’s history. The Kakatiya rulers established their capital in Warangal and built impressive structures such as the Warangal Fort and the Thousand Pillar Temple.

Muslim Rule

In the 14th century, the Delhi Sultanate conquered the Kakatiya kingdom, marking the beginning of Muslim rule in Telangana. The Bahmani Sultanate, founded in the Deccan region by Aladdin Bahman Shah, played a major role in shaping the cultural and political landscape of the region. The Bahmani Sultanate later disintegrated into several smaller states known as the Deccan Sultanates, including the Qutb Shahi dynasty, ruling from Golconda (now Hyderabad), which emerged as a prominent power.

Nizam Dynasty and British Rule

The history of Telangana is intertwined with the rule of the Nizams and the British. Here’s an overview of the Nizam Dynasty and British rule in Telangana:

Nizam Dynasty

The Nizam Dynasty was a princely state that ruled over the region of Hyderabad (now part of the state of Telangana) from 1724 to 1948. The dynasty was founded by Qamar-ud-din Khan, who was appointed as the first Nizam of Hyderabad by the Mughal Emperor in 1719.

The Nizams of Hyderabad were known for their autonomous rule and held significant power within their territory, which included parts of present-day Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra. They governed Hyderabad as a sovereign state with its own flag, currency, and postal system.

Under the Nizam’s rule, the region of Telangana experienced periods of prosperity, cultural growth, and architectural development. However, the Nizams also faced challenges, including conflicts with neighboring states and occasional revolts by discontented groups within their domain.

British Rule in Telangana

During the 18th century, the British East India Company expanded its influence over various parts of India, including the region of Telangana. The British gradually established their control over the Nizam’s territories through treaties and alliances.

In 1798, the British and the Nizam of Hyderabad signed the Subsidiary Alliance, which allowed the British to station troops in Hyderabad and influence the Nizam’s internal and external policies in exchange for military protection.

The British administered certain areas directly, while other regions remained under the nominal rule of the Nizam. By the early 20th century, Telangana was a princely state under British paramountcy, meaning it was nominally ruled by the Nizam but effectively under the suzerainty of the British Crown.

Integration of Hyderabad State into India

After India gained independence from British rule in 1947, the princely states were given the option to join either India or Pakistan. The last Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan, initially sought to maintain Hyderabad as an independent state. However, the majority of the population and the political leadership favored integration into India.

In September 1948, the Indian government launched “Operation Polo” to annex Hyderabad forcibly, and the Nizam’s forces were defeated. On September 17, 1948, Hyderabad State was officially merged with the Union of India, and it became a part of the Indian Republic.

With the integration of Hyderabad State, Telangana became part of the state of Andhra Pradesh when it was formed in 1956. Later, in 2014, Telangana was separated from Andhra Pradesh and became the 29th state of India with Hyderabad as its capital.

Movement and Statehood

Over the years, there were growing demands for separate statehood for Telangana due to perceived regional disparities and issues related to governance and development. The Telangana movement gained momentum in the early 2000s, with various political and social organizations advocating for a separate state. After prolonged protests and political negotiations, the Government of India passed the Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act in 2014, which led to the formation of the state of Telangana on June 2, 2014. Hyderabad serves as the capital of both TS and AP.

Since its formation, state has been focused on its development and has undertaken various initiatives in sectors such as agriculture, information technology, and infrastructure to promote growth and welfare in the region.

KCR is the Present CM of Telangana.

Telangana Districts

  1. Adilabad
  2. Bhadradri Kothagudem
  3. Hyderabad
  4. Jagtial
  5. Jangaon
  6. Jayashankar Bhupalpally
  7. Jogulamba Gadwal
  8. Kamareddy
  9. Karimnagar
  10. Khammam
  11. Kumuram Bheem
  12. Mahabubabad
  13. Mahabubnagar
  14. Mancherial
  15. Medak
  16. Medchal-Malkajgiri
  17. Mulugu
  18. Nagarkurnool
  19. Nalgonda
  20. Narayanpet
  21. Nirmal
  22. Nizamabad
  23. Peddapalli
  24. Rajanna Sircilla
  25. Rangareddy
  26. Sangareddy
  27. Siddipet
  28. Suryapet
  29. Vikarabad
  30. Wanaparthy
  31. Warangal Rural
  32. Warangal Urban
  33. Yadadri Bhuvanagiri

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