Mahatma Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

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Mahatma Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on the 2nd of October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He is a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Gandhi widely regarded as the father of the Nation. He is revered for his philosophy of nonviolence, which he called Satyagraha.

Education

Gandhi studied law in London and Practiced in South Africa. He became actively involved in civil rights and social justice issues. It was in that period that he developed his philosophy of non-violent resistance and the struggle for justice and equality.

Gandhi returned to India

in 1915 and quickly became a prominent figure in the Indian nationalist movement. He led several campaigns and movements against British colonial rule, including the famous Salt March in 1930.

Where he and thousands of followers marched to the Arabian Sea making their own salt in protest of the British salt tax.

Non-Violence: Gandhi’s

Non-Violent approach, emphasis on truth, self-discipline and non-cooperation inspiring millions of Indians to join the struggle for independence.

He believed in peaceful dialogue and negotiation and defended the rights of all peoples, irrespective of their religion or social milieu.

Mahatma

Throughout his life, Gandhi practiced and preached simplicity, selflessness, and a commitment to truth. He wore simple clothing, lived a frugal lifestyle, and embraced a vegetarian diet. His personal example of living according to his principles inspired many and earned him the title “Mahatma,” means “great soul”.

Challenges

He faces several challenges, arrests, and imprisonments, Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) remained loyal to his commitment to justice. His efforts led to India gaining its independence from British rule on August 15, 1947.

Gandhi Assassination

The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, the prominent leader of India’s independence movement, is a significant historical event that occurred on January 30, 1948. Gandhi, often referred to as the “Father of the Nation,” played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule through non-violent civil disobedience and peaceful protests.

On the fateful day of January 30, 1948, as Mahatma Gandhi was walking to his evening prayer meeting at Birla House in New Delhi, he was shot three times at point-blank range by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist and former member of the right-wing organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). The assassination took place only a few months after India gained independence on August 15, 1947.

Nathuram Godse’s motivation for assassinating Gandhi was rooted in his strong opposition to Gandhi’s approach towards religious harmony and his vision for a united India that included people of all faiths and beliefs. Godse and his associates believed that Gandhi was appeasing Muslims during the partition of India, which led to the creation of Pakistan, and they considered him a threat to Hindu interests.

Nathuram Godse was arrested immediately after the assassination and was brought to trial. He was found guilty and sentenced to death. He was executed on November 15, 1949.

The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi shocked the nation and the world, and it was a tragic loss for the people of India who admired and revered him as a symbol of peace, unity, and non-violence. To this day, Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy continues to inspire movements for social justice, human rights, and peaceful resistance worldwide. His birthday, October 2nd, is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence in honor of his philosophy and commitment to non-violent struggle.

Mahatma Gandhi had four sons. His sons were Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, and Devdas Gandhi. Harilal Gandhi, the eldest son, had a troubled relationship with his father and faced personal struggles throughout his life.

Gandhi had a close relationship with several women who played important roles in his life and the Indian independence movement.

Sarojini Naidu, Kamala Nehru, and Kasturba Gandhi (his wife) referred to as his “daughters,” highlighting their close bond and the respect he had for them.

Kasturba Gandhi, stood with Gandhi and actively participated in his social and political campaigns. She played a crucial role in supporting her husband’s work and shared his principles of nonviolence and social justice.

 

Personal Information
Born 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948
Residence Ahmedabad
Citizenship Indian
Marital Status Married
Spouse Kasturba Gandhi
Children Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, and Devdas Gandhi
Education Alfred High School, Samaldas Arts College, University College London

 

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