Benjamin Netanyahu

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Benjamin Netanyahu
Benjamin Netanyahu, born 21 October 1949, is an Israeli politician who has served as Israel’s Prime Minister since December 2022, having previously held the position from 1996 to 1999 and again from 2009 to 2021.
He is the Likud party’s chairman. Netanyahu is the country’s longest-serving prime minister, having been in office for more than 15 years. He is also Israel’s first prime minister born after the country’s declaration of independence.
Netanyahu was born in Tel Aviv to secular Jewish parents and reared in both Jerusalem and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in the United States. In 1967, he returned to Israel to join the Israel Defence Forces. He joined the Sayeret Matkal special forces as a squad leader and participated in multiple operations, rising to the rank of captain before being honourably dismissed.
Netanyahu worked as an economic consultant for the Boston Consulting Group after graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1978, he returned to Israel to establish the Yonatan Netanyahu Anti-Terror Institute. Netanyahu served as Israel’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations from 1984 until 1988.
Netanyahu rose to prominence after being elected chairman of the Likud party in 1993, eventually becoming Leader of the Opposition. In the 1996 election, Netanyahu defeated Shimon Peres, becoming Israel’s first and youngest prime leader elected directly by popular vote. In the 1999 election, Netanyahu and Likud were soundly beaten by Ehud Barak’s One Israel party, and Netanyahu elected to leave politics totally and enter the private sector.
Netanyahu later returned to politics, serving as Ariel Sharon’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. During the latter job, he oversaw Israeli economic changes that resulted in substantial development before quitting due to differences over the Gaza disengagement plan.

Prime minister (2022–present)

Following the 2022 election, Netanyahu was re-elected Prime Minister as the leader of a conservative coalition. On December 29, 2022, he began his sixth term.

The initial months of Netanyahu’s sixth administration were dominated by judicial changes, which received significant condemnation. Critics pointed out the detrimental consequences for the separation of powers, the Attorney General’s office, the economy, public health, women and minorities, workers’ rights, scientific research, the general soundness of Israel’s democracy, and its international relations.

After weeks of mass protests in Israel, supported by an increasing number of military reservists, Defence Minister Yoav Gallant spoke out against the reform on March 25, asking for a halt to the legislative process “for the sake of Israel’s security.”

He was fired the next day by Netanyahu, provoking more huge protests across Israel and eventually led to Netanyahu agreeing to postpone the law for a month, until the next Knesset session after Passover.

Marriages and relationships:

Netanyahu has married three times. In his first marriage, Netanyahu married Miriam Weizmann, whom he met in Israel. Weizmann lived near Yonatan Netanyahu’s Jerusalem flat, where Netanyahu was stationed while serving in the military.

Miriam had completed her military duty and got a degree in chemistry from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Netanyahu & Miriam Weizmann moved to the United States to study in 1972, Miriam attends Brandeis University and Netanyahu attending MIT.

They married soon after. Noa was the couple’s only child, born on April 29, 1978.

Netanyahu had an affair with a non-Jewish British student named Fleur Cates at the university library in 1978, when Weizmann was pregnant. When his wife Miriam discovered the affair, their marriage rapidly ended in divorce. Netanyahu marries Cates, she converted to Judaism in 1981. After visiting Israel with Netanyahu, Cates filed for divorce in 1988.

Sara Ben-Artzi, his third wife, was working as a flight attendant on an El Al trip from New York to Israel when he met her. She was studying psychology for her master’s degree. In 1991, the couple married. They have two sons: Yair Born 26 July 1991 and Avner born 10 October 1994,

Personal Information
Born 21 October 1949
Residence Jerusalem, Israel
Citizenship Israel
Father Benzion Netanyahu
Mother Tzila Segal
Marital Status Married
Spouse Miriam Weizmann ​(m. 1972; div. 1978)​
Fleur Cates ​(m. 1981; div. 1988)​
Sara Ben-Artzi ​(m. 1991)
Children Noa Netanyahu, Yair Netanyahu, Avner Netanyahu
Education Bachelor of Arts/Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Master of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

 

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